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РАЗДЕЛ 3. Материалы тестовой системы по темам лекций - Учебно-методический комплекс для студентов направления подготовки

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РАЗДЕЛ 3. Материалы тестовой системы по темам лекций


Тест по теме: «Ранняя история Британских островов до I века н. э. Период римского владычества

»
1. Around 700 BC _____ began to arrive in the British Isles.

a) Beaker people b) the Celts

c) Neolithic people d) German tribes
2. The false statement is _____.
a) The Druids could read and write.

b) The Druids were of particular importance in tribes.

c) The Druids had no temples.

d) The Druids memorized all the religious teachings, the tribal laws, history, medicine.


3. Julius Caesar visited Britain in _____.

a) 43 BC b) 55 and 56 BC c) 50 BC d) 53 BC


4. The Romans came from Italy in _____.

a) 50 BC b) 45 BC c) 43 BC d) 53 BC


5. The capital town of Roman Britain was present-day _____.

a) York b) Colchester c) Winchester d) Gloucester


6. Boadicea was _____.

a) Suetonius’s wife b) the Queen of the Iceni tribe

c) the Druids’ head d) a daughter of the Roman Governor of Britain
7. The revolt of the Iceni took place in _____.

a) 53 b) 55 c) 58 d) 61


8. London was founded in _____.

a) 40’s b) 50’s c) 60’s d) 70’s


9. Hadrian’s Wall was _____ long.

a) 60 miles b) 67 miles c) 73 miles d) 90 miles


10. _____ was the strongest of all the Roman frontier fortification.

a) Antonine Wall b) Hadrian’s Wall

c) Harlech Castle d) St Albans
11. The Antonine Wall was _____ long.

a) 27 miles b) 37 miles c) 47 miles d) 50 miles


12. Rome pulled out its last soldiers out of Britain in _____ AD.

a) 309 b) 349 c) 389 d) 409


13. “Chester or caster” came from the Latin word “castra” meaning _____.

a) a settlement b) a town c) a wall d) a fortified place


Тест по теме: «. Англо-саксонский период»

1. The Angles and Saxons came from Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands in _____ century.

a) the 5th b) the 4th c) the 6th d) the 7th
2. The first Saxon king of England was _____.

a) William the Conqueror b) Alfred the Great

c) Canute d) Athelstan
3. The first Danish king of England was _____.

a) William the Conqueror b) Canute

c) Alfred the Great d) Edmund I

4. The first Norman king of England was _____.

a) William the Conqueror b) Alfred the Great

c) Canute d) Harold Harefoot


5. _____ were the three largest Anglo-Saxon kingdoms by the middle of the 7th century.

a) Essex b) Mercia c) Wessex

d) East Anglia e) Northumria f) Sussex
6. King Offa of _____ claimed “kingship of the English”.

a) Wessex b) Mercia c) Sussex d) Northumria


7. King _____ of Wessex started the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the first history of England.

a) Offa b) Whitby c) Alfred d) Ethelred


8. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle was continued by various authors for _____.
a) 150 years b) 250 years c) 300 years d) 350 years
9. The first English navy was built by _____.

a) Egbert b) Alfred c) Offa d) Edward


10. _____ was never invaded by either the Romans or the Anglo-Saxons.

a) Ireland b) Wales c) Scotland


11. _____ was the first and the last Welsh king strong enough to rule over all Wales.

a) Llewelyn b) Gruffydd c) Brian Boru d) Alexander


12. The Westminster Abby was built during the reign of _____.
a) Egbert b) Canute c) Alfred d) Edward the Confessor

Тест по теме: «Англия в XI-XIII веках. Норманны и Плантагенеты до Эдуарда II »


1. The Normans invaded from France in _____.

a) 966 b) 1006 c) 1016 d) 1066

2. In _____ there was a great battle at Hastings in which King Harold was killed.

a) 1006 b) 1016 c) 1066 d) 1068


3. The ‘Domesday’ Book was compiled by _____ order.

a) William the Conqueror’s b) William II’s

c) Robert’s d) Henry I’s
4. William built _____ on the banks of the river Thames to protect himself.

a) a marble hill house b) the White Tower

c) a high wall d) a castle
5. _____ was brave, and a good soldier. He was everyone’s idea of the perfect feudal king though he spent no more than four or five years in England.

a) Henry II b) Richard I c) John d) Stephen


6. The first Plantagenet king was _____.

a) Henry II b) Richard I c) James I d) Stephen


7. The false statement is _____.

a) King John was forced to sign Magna Carta in 1215.

b) The nobles who wrote Magna Carta wished John not to go beyond his rights as feudal lord.

c) Magna Carta gave real freedom to the majority of people in England.

d) Magna Carta marks a clear stage in the collapse of English feudalism.
8. The true statement is _____.

a) Thomas Becket never was Henry II’s friend.

b) Thomas Becket became Henry II’s enemy because the king didn’t want to appoint him Archbishop of Canterbury.

c) Henry hoped that Thomas would help him to bring the Church under his control.

d) Henry ordered his two knights to murder Becket on the altar steps.
9. The beginning of British Parliament dates back to _____.

a) 1158 b) 1185 c) 1208 d) 1258


10. The beginning of Parliament (House of Lords) is associated with the name of _____.

a) Simon de Montfort b) Thomas Becket

c) King John d) Henry III
11. The first real parliament was brought by _____.

a) King John b) Henry III c) Henry II d) Edward I


12. The first real parliament was brought in _____.

a) 1275 b) 1285 c) 1375 d) 1385
13. The cause of constant wars between England and France was _____.

a) French kings wanted to seize the English throne.

b) English kings wanted to turn France into their colony.

c) The countries struggled for European markets.

d) Great territories in France belonged to England, and the French kings wanted to win them back.

Тест по теме: «Разрушительный XIV век и XV век. Время правления последних Плантагенетов, Ланкастерской и Йоркской династий»

1. Edward III chose as members of the Order of the Garter _____ knights.

a) 10 b) 12 c) 20 d) 24
2. Edward III chose the same number of knights as the legendary _____ had chosen.

a) Robin Hood b) King Arthur c) King John d) Black Prince


3. The words ‘…the Hammer of the Scots’ were written on the grave of _____.

a) Robert Bruce b) William Wallace

c) Edward I d) John de Balliol
4. The Hundred Years’ War started in _____.

a) 1337 b) 1353 c) 1357 d) 1373


5. The Hundred Years’ War lasted _____.

a) nearly 100 years b) for 100 years

c) for 106 years d) for 116 years
6. The Black Death came to England in _____.

a) 1248 b) 1284

c)

1348 d) 1384


7. The Black Death diminished the population of England _____.

a) by two-thirds b) by 50 % c) by one-third d) by 25 %


8. The peasants led by Wat Tyler revolted in _____.

a) 1281 b) 1381 c) 1391 d) 1481


9. The Black Prince was _____.

a) King Arthur’s grandson b) Edward III

c) Richard II d) Edward III’s eldest son
10. The Order of the Garter was founded by _____.

a) Edward II b) Richard II c) Edward III d) Edward III’s son


11. The first king of the Lancaster dynasty was _____.

a) Henry III b) Richard II c) Henry Bolingbroke d) Henry V


12. The War of the Roses lasted for _____ years.

a) 10 b) 15 c) 25 d) 30


13. The War of the Roses ended in _____.

a) 1385 b) 1485 c) 1490 d) 1495

Тест по теме: «Англия в XVI веке. Тюдоровский период»

1. _____ reconciled the House of Lancaster and the House of York.

a) King Richard III’s death in the battle of Bosworth

b) Henry VII’s marriage to the heiress Princess Elizabeth of York

c) The Agreement signed after the War of the Roses

d) Murdering most of both Lancastrians and Yorkists during the war


2. Match the dynasties with their coat-of-arms.

1) The Lancastrians a) a red rose with white outer petals

2) The Yorkists b) a red rose

3) The Tudors c) a white rose

d) a white rose with red outer petals
3. The false statement is _____.

a) Henry VII created new nobility from among the merchant and gentry classes.

b) Henry VII didn’t have more money than earlier kings.

c) Henry VII believed that wars ruined a country’s economy.

d) Henry VII was far more important in establishing the new monarchy than Henry VIII or Elizabeth I.
4. _____ gave birth to Henry VIII’s only son.

a) Catherine Parr b) Catherine of Aragon

c) Jane Seymour d) Anne Boleyn
5. The letters “F.D.” on every British coin stand for _____.

a) “Dame Fortune” b) “Fair-dealing”

c) “Defender of the Faith” d) “Faked dime”
6. _____ was called “Bloody” for mass executions.

a) Henry VIII b) Edward VI

c) Mary, the Queen of Scots d) Queen Mary
7. Elizabeth I was one of _____.

a) the Tudors b) the Stuarts c) the Yorkists d) the Hanoverians


8. Chartered companies were established during _____ reign.

a) Henry VIII’s b) Queen Mary’s c) James I’s d) Elizabeth’s


9. The Spanish Armada was defeated in _____.
a) 1488 b) 1499 c) 1588 d) 1598
10. The East India Company was established in _____.
a) 1500 b) 1600 c) 1660 d) 1680
11. Mary Queen of Scots was Elizabeth’s _____.

a) sister b) niece c) best friend d) cousin

12. The first Poor Law was passed by Parliament during _____ reign.

a) Henry VIII’s b) Edward VI’s

c) Queen Mary’s d) Elizabeth’s
13. From Tudor times educated people began to speak _____.

a) French b) “correct” English c) local dialects


Тест по теме: «Англия в XVII веке. Династия Стюартов»

1. _____ was the first Stuart monarch.

a) Henry VII b) George I c) James I d) Elizabeth I
2. The reason of trouble between King James and Parliament was _____.
a) Parliament did not agree to raise a tax to pay the debt.

b) Parliament did not want Sir Edward Coke as Chief Justice.

c) Parliament insisted on its right to discuss James’s home and foreign policy.

d) James had a habit of saying something true at the wrong moment.


3. According to the Petition of Rights _____.
a) Charles could raise money without Parliament

b) Parliament controlled both the state money and the law

c) Charles could imprison anyone without lawful reason

d) Charles could dissolve Parliament


4. The so-called Gunpowder Plot was organized _____.
a) by Guy Fawkes b) by a group of Protestants

c) by a group of Catholics d) by King James


5. _____ resulted in the Civil War of 1642.
a) Rebellion in Ireland

b) Events in Scotland

c) A new law stating that Parliament had to meet at least once every three years

d) Charles’s decision to dissolve Parliament by force


6. The false statement is _____.
a) Levellers wanted Parliament to meet every two years.

b) Levellers wanted men over the age of 21 to have the right to elect MPs.

c) Levellers wanted complete religious freedom.

d) Levellers supported the idea of using the army to maintain law and order.


7. _____ created a new “model” army, the first regular force from which the British army of today developed.
a) Charles I b) Oliver Cromwell

c) Richard Cromwell d) Charles II


8. Britain was a republic from _____.
a) 1629 b) 1639 c) 1649 d) 1659
9. The Republic in Britain was over in_____.
a) 1650 b) 1655 c) 1660 d) 1665
10. The false statement is _____.

a) The Whigs believed strongly in allowing religious freedom.

b) The Whigs upheld the authority of the Crown.

c) The Whigs were afraid of the Catholic faith.

d) The Whigs wanted to have no regular army.
11. The events of 1688 went down into history as _____.
a) the Glorious Victory b) the Glorious Revolution

c) the Civil War d) the Glorious War


12. The treaty of Utrecht was concluded between England and _____.
a) France b) Spain c) Holland d) Prussia

Тест по теме «Великобритания в XVIII веке»

1. _____ was the first Hanover monarch.

a) James I b) George I c) Queen Anne d) Charles II
2. _____ is considered Britain’s first Prime Minister.
a) Henry Palem b) John Wilkes

c) William Pitt d) Robert Walpole


3. _____ directed British effort at destroying French trade.

a) Henry Palem b) John Wilkes

c) William Pitt “the Elder” d) Robert Walpole
4. George III made peace with France in _____.
a) 1753 b) 1755 c) 1763 d) 1767
5. John Wilkes was the most popular man in London in 1760s because _____.
a) he had his own newspaper, The North Briton

b) he was an active MP

c) he was the King’s favourite

d) he managed to win his case against Government in the court


6. _____ was the first to suggest that the American Colonies should become independent of Britain.
a) John Wesley b) Robert Walpole

c) Tom Paine d) Edmund Burke


7. The American War of Independence lasted for _____ years.
a) five b) six c) seven d) eight
8. Ireland was united with Britain in _____.
a) 1801 b) 1803 c) 1805 d) 1809
9. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland lasted for _____.
a) 80 years b) 90 years c) 100 years d) 120 years
10. The Methodist Church met the needs of _____.
a) the gentry b) the ruling classes

c) the farmers d) the growing industrial working class


11. Admiral Nelson destroyed the French-Spanish fleet at Trafalgar in _____.
a) 1795 b) 1800 c) 1805 d) 1807
12. The Chartists did not demand _____.
a) payment for MPs

b) the right for a man without property to be an MP

c) the right to vote for women

d) voting in secret


13. The Great Exhibition of the Industries of All Nations in London was opened in _____.
a) 1751 b) 1791 c) 1851 d) 1891
14. The railway system of Britain was mostly completed by _____.
a) 1840s b) 1850s c) 1860s d) 1870
15. British Queen _____ became known as the Grandmother of Europe.

a) Elizabeth I b) Victoria c) Elizabeth II d) Queen Anne


16. _____ was the longest ruler of the country.

a) Henry VI b) Victoria c) Henry VIII d) Elizabeth I


Тест по теме: «Великобритания в XIX веке»

1. The first congress of trade unions met in 1868 in _____.


a) Manchester b) London c) Leeds d) Sheffield
2. Britain waged Opium Wars against _____.
a) China b) Afghanistan c) India d) Pakistan
3. The Labour Party was formally established in _____.
a) 1800 b) 1860 c) 1900 d) 1905
4. The Depression affected Britain most severely between _____.
a) 1929 and 1931 b) 1929 and 1931

c) 1930 and 1932 d) 1930 and 1933


5. Winston Churchill joined the _____ Party.

a) Liberal b) Labour c) Conservative d) Social Democratic


6. Everyone was given the right to free medical treatment in _____.
a) 1946 b) 1948 c) 1958 d) 1962
7. The National Assistance Act of _____ provided financial help for the old, the unemployed and those unable to work through sickness.
a) 1947 b) 1948 c) 1958 d) 1978
8. Elizabeth II became Queen of Britain in _____.

a) 1952 b) 1958 c) 1968 d) 1978


9. Margaret Thatcher joined the _____ Party.

a) Liberal b) Labour c) Conservative d) Social Democratic


10. _____ was given the Nobel Prize for literature.

a) Winston Churchill b) Margaret Thatcher

c) Tony Blair d) Harold Wilson
11. Britain joined the European Community in _____.

a) 1963 b) 1973 c) 1980 d) 1993


12. Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister in _____.

a) 1973 b) 1975 c) 1977 d) 1979


13. _____ became Prime Minister after Margaret Thatcher.
a) Harold Wilson b) John Major

c) Tony Blair d) Gordon Brown


Тест по теме: «

Великобритания в ХХ – начале ХХI века

»

1. Из предложенных вариантов (А, B,C, D, E) выберите правильный:

1. The monarch of Great Britain takes____ part in the decision-making process.

A. an active B. no C. a great D. distinctive E exclusive
2. The members of the House of Commons are elected by the ____.

A. Queen B. people C. Lord Chancellor D. ministers E. Speaker


3. The House of Commons is presided over by the ____ .

A.. Speaker B. Queen C. Lord Chancellor D. peeresses E. Prime Minister


4. British Prime Minister is the ____ .

A. majority party leader B. member of the opposition C. leader of the

opposition D. Chairman of the House of Lords E. Conservative party

representative


5. The members of the British Cabinet of Ministers are chosen by the _____.

A. people B. Lord- Chancellor C. Queen D. Prime- minister E. Speaker


6. The job of the American Congress is to _____.

A. enforce laws B. make laws C. restrict laws D. veto laws

E. put the laws into effect
7. The US Supreme Court consists of 9 justices. They are appointed by the____.

A. Senate B. Congress C. Vice-President D. Chief Justice E. President


8. When the President receives a bill from the Congress, he must ____ .

A. veto it B. disapprove it C. sign it. D. reject it E prohibit it.


9. The American President is elected every _____ years.

A. four B. two C. three D. every other year E. six


10. The executive power in Britain is implemented by the ____.

A. Shadow Cabinet B. Cabinet of Ministers C. Queen D. Speaker E. King

1. The woolen industry is developed in _____.

a) Newcastle b) Yorkshire c) Lancashire d) Coventry


2. _____ is the biggest industry in Britain.

a) Consumer goods manufacturing b) The financial sector

c) The service sector d) Mining
3. There are no rich coal basins _____.
a) in Lancashire

b) in Yorkshire

c) in the Thames district

d) near Glasgow


4. Tin and copper mines are in _____.
a) Cornwall b) Lancashire c) Yorkshire d) Nottinghamshire
5. Silver ores are mined in _____.
a) Nottinghamshire b) Yorkshire c) Derbyshire d) Cornwall
6. The UK became _____ country in the world which became highly industrialized.

a) the second b) the third c) the first d) the fourth


7. _____ is not a major centre of heavy machines production.

a) Birmingham b) Coventry c) Sheffield d) Liverpool


8. _____ exports about a third of its water supply to England.

a) Wales b) Scotland c) Northern Ireland


9. _____ has Britain’s largest shipyard.

a) Belfast b) London c) Liverpool d) Cardiff


10. _____ accounts for half of Britain’s forest area.
a) Wales b) Scotland c) Northern Ireland d) England
11. The traditional _____ manufactures are shipbuilding.
a) English b) Welsh c) Scottish d) Irish
12. Agriculture (predominantly livestock and products) is the single most important industry in _____.
a) Northern Ireland b) Wales c) Scotland
13. The Bank of England given the right to print bank notes was established in _____.

a) 1500 b) 1550 c) 1600 d) 1694


2. Ответьте на вопросы:



  1. What industries are mostly developed in Great Britain?

  2. What branches of industry appeared in the 20th century?

  3. Can you name the main industrial centres of the country?

  4. Where are the coal basins?

  5. Where are the biggest iron mines situated?

  6. Where is the woolen industry concentrated?

  7. What is the role of sea-ports in the economy of the country?

  8. Can you name the biggest sea-ports of Great Britain?

  9. What are the important centres of electronics in Britain?

  10. Where are oil and gas extracted?

  11. Does fishing remain an important activity in Britain?

  12. What agricultural activities are developed in different regions of the country?

  13. Which part of Great Britain is often called the “Garden of England”? Why? What fruit grow in the orchards of the country?

  14. What are the traditional Scottish manufactures?

  15. What is the largest Britain’s shipyard?

  16. What do Britain’s major imports/exports include?

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